Karsh Signature

Yousuf Karsh, master photographer of the 20th century

Sir Alexander Fleming

Sir Alexander Fleming, 1954

Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) was a Scottish physician and microbiologist, best known for discovering the world’s first broadly effective antibiotic substance, which he named penicillin. His discovery in 1928 of what was later named benzylpenicillin (or penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium rubens is described as the “single greatest victory ever achieved over disease.” For this discovery, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain.

This portrait has been newly added to the website. It was made at in St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, where there is now an Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum.